What Does it Take to Become a Lawyer?

JDB Law, PLLC is a professional who offers legal advice or represents someone. Lawyers may also be referred to as attorneys, solicitors, counselors, or — pejoratively — ambulance chasers. The duties and responsibilities of lawyers are defined by the laws of the jurisdiction where they practice. Some of the specifics vary between countries and types of law.


A career as an attorney requires extensive education and training. To begin, aspiring lawyers must obtain a bachelor’s degree, often in a subject such as business or political science, that provides an overview of the legal system. Many schools also offer specialized pre-law majors that can be helpful for future attorneys. Additionally, students must pass the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) and receive a juris doctorate (JD) degree from a law school accredited by the American Bar Association.

In addition to these academic requirements, a lawyer must be familiar with each jurisdiction’s specific laws and regulations where they plan to practice. Continuing professional development is also required to keep up with changes in the rules, which can happen quickly.

Additional soft skills are also necessary for successful lawyers, including strong written communication and organizational abilities, critical thinking, and working under pressure. In addition, lawyers must communicate effectively with clients and other members of their firm.

To advance in a law career, a lawyer may pursue additional educational qualifications, such as a master of law (LLM) or a doctor of sciences (SJD). The LLM is a postgraduate program that allows students to focus on a particular area of law. This qualification can be useful for lawyers who wish to become experts in a specific field of law, such as international law or environmental law.

The SJD is a research-focused program that can be useful for lawyers who wish to become law professors or engage in advanced legal research. It can take up to five years to complete, and candidates must write a dissertation on a topic of their choice.

Many aspiring lawyers gain experience through an internship during undergraduate or graduate school. Internships allow students to get hands-on exposure to the law and help them develop key career skills, such as communication and teamwork. They can also help create a network of professionals supporting them throughout their careers. 

Other professional development opportunities for lawyers include personal coaching or mentorship programs, which can provide guidance and practical insights.

A lawyer can specialize in many areas of the law. However, determining which region of the law is right for you will depend on your unique interests and strengths. You will also want to consider your career goals and what type of law practice best suits those goals.

A generalist law firm will likely employ lawyers with several areas of expertise to assist clients with various cases and issues. This is why deciding which area of the law is a good fit before starting your first year at law school is important.

If you’re interested in business law, you can help small businesses start new companies, work with large corporations, and advise on various topics, including taxes, acquisitions, mergers, and other issues. Attorneys focusing on intellectual property can handle matters related to copyright, patents, and trademarks. You can also focus on a particular industry, such as finance or healthcare, or you may prefer to be a litigation lawyer and take on a broad range of cases.

Commercial litigation is a fast-paced and challenging practice area that can have some of the highest pay in the legal industry. This type of law involves both prosecution and defense in high-profile cases, which are usually a result of a dispute between two or more parties. Commercial lawyers often have to review contracts, examine title and property, and evaluate expectations to negotiate on their client’s behalf.

Labor and employment law is another popular practice area that deals with cases regarding employee rights and benefits, compensation, and severance packages. Animal rights law is a growing field where attorneys can fight on behalf of animals and work against those who exploit or harm them. You can also focus on family or juvenile law, which deals with issues affecting families and children.

Banking and finance law focuses on the organization, ownership, and operations of banks, depository institutions, mortgage banks, credit unions, and other providers of financial services regulated or licensed by state and federal authorities. This practice area can also encompass laws that govern the relationship between a bank and its customers, such as consumer protections.

Many attorneys work in various practice areas, but some specialize in certain cases. This type of specialization helps law firms build a reputation for expertise, which can increase their business and boost client satisfaction rates. Specialization also allows a firm to serve a specific client niche or industry better, increasing revenue and improving the company’s profitability.

The most popular law degree specializations include criminal, corporate, family, labor and employment law, real estate, and e-commerce. These fields of law deal with various legalities associated with these particular industries, and they can benefit professionals with a strong interest in those topics.

A career in intellectual property law enables lawyers to assist authors and artists in protecting their creations. Candidates must understand patent, copyright, and trademark laws and may be involved in safeguarding artworks, music, and scientific inventions. This law degree specialization is ideal for professionals passionate about the creative arts.

Construction law deals with the laws that protect workers, architects, and designers involved in construction projects. This field of law may also cover issues like safety, project management, and financial regulations. It is suitable for individuals who are passionate about the building industry and those interested in working on a large scale.

Another popular law degree specialization is administrative law, which focuses on the operation and legality of government agencies. Students in this area of law will study the legal responsibilities of federal and state administration. This law degree specialization suits individuals interested in a career in public service.

Litigation and trial law enable students to gain experience in pretrial and trial practice. They will learn about case preparation, evidence, and litigation strategies, including drafting pleadings and complaints. It is a suitable law degree specialization for individuals who want to become prosecutors or defenders or work with a litigation firm.

Most people will require the services of a lawyer at some point in their lives. It could be negotiating a contract, filing a lawsuit, or even defending against criminal charges (like traffic tickets). Whatever the reason, cost is always a consideration. The good news is that many different fee arrangements are available, depending on the type of legal matter and the attorney.

An hourly rate is the most common form of fee structure. This means that the lawyer sets an hourly rate and bills the client for the time they work on their case. Most attorneys will track their time in 1/10th increments, which means six-minute increments. In addition to the attorney’s hourly rate, they will typically bill for paralegal and office staff time at a lower hourly rate.

Flat fees are another arrangement often used for cases that involve drafting legal documents, such as contracts or bankruptcy filings. This billing method allows both the attorney and the client to know exactly how much the service will cost upfront. This can eliminate surprises and allow the attorney to budget accordingly.

Contingency fees are usually reserved for more complicated legal matters, such as personal injury and class action lawsuits that require much research and negotiations. The attorney will receive a percentage of the monetary settlement or award in a contingent fee agreement. If they don’t win, they will not receive any payment.

Retainer fees are a special form of contingency fee. A retainer is a deposit of funds that the attorney will hold in trust for their client until they are required to use the money to pay for a specific legal matter. Retainer fees are often non-refundable, but they give the attorney a measure of security that they will be paid for their services.

Some lawyers will work pro bono for certain legal cases, such as criminal defense or civil rights. These cases may be handled by organizations such as the ACLU and are generally considered high-impact instances with the potential to have a large social impact.